Financial Framework 2007-2013

A/ Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7) and Horizon 2020

 

FP7 is the short name for the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. This is the EU's main instrument for funding research in Europe and it will run from 2007-2013. FP7 is also designed to respond to Europe's employment needs, competitiveness and quality of life.

 
The broad objectives of FP7 have been grouped into four categories: Cooperation, Ideas, People and Capacities. For each type of objective, there is a specific programme corresponding to the main areas of EU research policy. All specific programmes work together to promote and encourage the creation of European poles of (scientific) excellence. The non-nuclear research activities of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) are grouped under a specific programme with individual budget allocation.

 

(http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/)

 

Horizon 2020 is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe's global competitiveness. Running from 2014 to 2020 with an €80 billion budget, the EU’s new programme for research and innovation is part of the drive to create new growth and jobs in Europe.

 

(http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/)

 

 

B/ Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP)
 

 

With small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as its main target, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) supports innovation activities (including eco-innovation), provides better access to finance and delivers business support services in the regions. It encourages a better take-up and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and helps to develop the information society. It also promotes the increased use of renewable energies and energy efficiency.
 
The CIP runs from 2007 to 2013 with an overall budget of € 3621 million.
 
The CIP is divided into three operational programmes:
each programme has its specific objectives, aimed at contributing to the competitiveness of enterprises and their innovative capacity in their own areas, such as ICT or sustainable energy:
 
  • The Entrepreneurship and Innovation Programme (EIP)
  • The Information Communication Technologies Policy Support Programme (ICT-PSP)
  • The Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (IEE)

 

(http://ec.europa.eu/cip/)

 

 

C/ Programmes of Transnational Territorial Cooperation
 
In 2007 – 2013 European Cohesion Policy period Slovenia is eligible for cooperating in four different programmes of Objective 3 – European transnational territorial cooperation, namely:
  • Alpine Space (AS):
The Alpine Space Programme is the EU transnational cooperation programme for the Alps. Partners from the seven Alpine countries work together to promote regional development in a sustainable way.  For the period 2007-2013, the Community Initiative INTERREG has been upgraded to the "European Territorial Cooperation Objective", which underlines the importance the European Commission and the Member States attach to the added value of transnational cooperation.

 

 
During the period 2007-2013, the programme is investing 130 Mio € in impact-oriented projects in which key actors develop shared solutions on specific Alpine issues as laid down in the programme objectives:

 

 
Priority 1: Competitiveness and Attractiveness
Priority 2: Accessibility and Connectivity
Priority 3: Environment and Risk Prevention
 

(http://www.alpine-space.eu/)

 

  • Central Europe (CE):
Central Europe is a European Union programme that encourages cooperation among the countries of central Europe to improve innovation, accessibility and the environment and to enhance the competitiveness and attractiveness of their cities and regions. CE invests €231 million to provide funding to transnational cooperation projects involving public and private organisations from Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine. The programme is financed by the European Regional Development Fund and runs from 2007 to 2013.
 
CE provides funding for cooperation projects covering four thematic areas:
 
Priority 1: Facilitating innovation across Central Europe
Priority 2: Improving accessibility to, and within, Central Europe
Priority 3: Using our environment responsibly
Priority 4: Enhancing competitiveness and attractiveness of cities and regions

 

(http://www.central2013.eu/index.php)

 

  • South East Europe (SEE):

The South East Europe Programme aims to develop transnational partnerships on matters of strategic importance, in order to improve the territorial, economic and social integration process and to contribute to cohesion, stability and competitiveness of the region. For this purpose, the Programme seeks to realize high quality, result oriented projects of strategic character, relevant for the programme area. The SEE Programme helps to promote better integration between the Member States, candidate and potential candidate countries and neighbouring countries. Regional cooperation in South East Europe is essential, regardless of the different stage of integration of the various countries. The stability, prosperity and security of the region are of significant interest to the EU.

 

Transnational cooperation programmes encourage a sustainable and balanced development of the European territory. The establishment and development of transnational cooperation is part of the European Territorial Cooperation objective of EU Regional Policy. In the new framework of Cohesion Policy, the "European Territorial Cooperation" Objective has become an objective of its own, on an equal footing with the "Convergence" and "Regional Competitiveness and Employment" Objectives. It replaces the Community Initiative INTERREG III.
 

 

Priority 1 : Facilitation of innovation and entrepreneurship

Priority 2: Protection and improvement of the environment

Priority 3: Improvement of the accessibility

Priority 4: Development of transnational synergies for sustainable growth areas

(http://www.southeast-europe.net/hu/)

 

  • Mediterranean Cooperation (MED):
    The MED programme is a transnational programme of European territorial cooperation. It is financed by the European Union as an instrument of its regional policy and of its new programming period. It continues the tradition of the European programmes for cooperation (previously named Interreg). The transnational setup allows the programme to tackle territorial challenges beyond national boundaries, such as environmental risk management, international business or transport corridors.
     
    Programme objectives are: to improve the area's competitiveness in a way that guarantees growth and employment for the next generations (Lisbon strategy) and to promote territorial cohesion and environmental protection, according to the logic of sustainable development (Goteborg strategy).
     
    Priority 1: Strengthening innovation capacities
    Priority 2 : Environmental protection and promotion of a sustainable territorial development
    Priority 3 : Improvement of mobility and of territorial accessibility
    Priority 4 : Promotion of a polycentric and integrated development of the MED space

(http://www.programmemed.eu/index.php?id=5175&L=1)

The past results are putting great expectations into a future Objective 3 cooperation aiming to address territorial development needs and problems, bringing a more concrete results and outputs as in the past.
 

 

 

D/ Programmes of Territorial Cross-border Cooperation 

 

The European Union cohesion policy intends to strengthen the Community’s economic and social cohesion in order to promote a harmonious, balanced and sustainable development of the Community, while at the same time reducing the economic, social and territorial disparities. In view of the central geo-political level and the fact that the majority of Slovenia’s population lives in the border area, the European territorial cooperation (Objective 3) remains one of the key instruments for encouraging development of the border regions and herewith of the whole country.

 

 

E/ Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

 

The European Commission’s Lifelong Learning Programme enables people at all stages of their lives to take part in stimulating learning experiences, as well as helping to develop the education and training sector across Europe. Projects are intended not only for individual students and learners, but also for teachers, trainers and all others involved in education and training. LLP is the successor to the Socrates and Leonardo da Vinci (2000-2006). It supports learning opportunities from childhood to old age in every single life situation.

 

It is an umbrella programme integrating various educational and training initiatives. LLP is divided in four sectorial sub programmes and four so called 'transversal' programmes.

 

The sectorial sub programmes focus on different stages of education and training and continuing previous programmes:
 
•    Comenius for schools:
The Comenius programme focuses on the first phase of education, from pre-school and primary to secondary schools. It is relevant for all members of the education community: pupils, teachers, local authorities, parents associations, non-government organisations, teacher training institutes, universities and all other educational staff.
 
•    Erasmus for higher education
Erasmus is the EU's flagship education and training programme in the field of higher education. The Erasmus programme not only supports mobility (for students, professors, or other higher education staff / enterprises wishing to study, teach and work abroad), but also provides co-funding to higher education institutions working together through transnational cooperation projects.
 
•    Leonardo da Vinci for vocational education and training
Leonardo da Vinci focuses on vocational education and training, other than at tertiary level. It addresses both the learning and teaching needs in the sector, and is therefore aimed at all parties involved, namely trainees in vocational education, teachers and trainers, institutions and educational bodies, enterprises, associations, social partners and bodies relating to either lifelong learning or the labour market.
 
•    Grundtvig for adult education

The Grundtvig programme focuses on the teaching and study needs of those in adult education and alternative education streams, as well as the institutions and organisations delivering these services.

 

 

OTHER CURRENT PROGRAMS:

 

  • Culture Programme

The Culture Programme (2007 – 2013) has been established to enhance the cultural area shared by Europeans, which is based on a common cultural heritage, through the development of cooperation activities among cultural operators from eligible countries, with a view to encouraging the emergence of European citizenship.

The Programme is aimed at three specific objectives:
  • promotion of the trans-national mobility of people working in the cultural sector;
  • support for the trans-national circulation of cultural and artistic works and products;
  • promotion of inter-cultural dialogue.

The Programme has a flexible, interdisciplinary approach and is focussed on the needs expressed by cultural operators during the public consultations leading up to its design. The activities supported within the Programme belong to three main typologies, which correspond to the strands of the Programme. They are outlined in Part Two of this guide, which lists all criteria and application requirements.

 
  • Tempus
TEMPUS is the European Union’s programme which supports the modernisation of higher education in the EU's surrounding area. Tempus promotes institutional cooperation that involves the European Union and Partner Countries and focuses on the reform and modernisation of higher education systems in the Partner Countries of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Western Balkans and the Mediterranean region. The Tempus programme is implemented in close coordination with the Erasmus Mundus programme which provides scholarships to third country students allowing them to participate in top-level Master courses and Doctorate programmes outside the EU.

 

  • Life+
The LIFE programme is the EU’s funding instrument for the environment. The general objective of LIFE is to contribute to the implementation, updating and development of EU environmental policy and legislation by co-financing pilot or demonstration projects with European added valueDuring the period 2007-2013, the European Commission will launch one call for LIFE+ project proposals per year. Proposals must be eligible under one of the programme’s three components: LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity, LIFE+ Environment Policy and Governance, and LIFE+ Information and Communication.

 

  • Erasmus Mundus II (2009 - 2013)
Erasmus Mundus is a cooperation and mobility programme in the field of higher education that aims to enhance the quality of European higher education and to promote dialogue and understanding between people and cultures through cooperation with Third-Countries. In addition, it contributes to the development of human resources and the international cooperation capacity of Higher education institutions in Third Countries by increasing mobility between the European Union and these countries.

Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013 is implemented through of the following actions:
Action 1:  Erasmus Mundus joint programmes of outstanding quality at masters and doctoral levels including scholarships/fellowships to participate in these programmes;
Action 2 : Erasmus Mundus Partnerships between European and Third Country higher education institutions including scholarships and fellowships for mobility at all academic levels;
Action 3 : Promotion of European higher education through projects to enhance the attractiveness of Europe as an educational destination and a centre of excellence at world level.

(http://www.cmepius.si/erasmus-mundus.aspx)

  • CEEPUS

CEEPUS is an acronym for "Central European Exchange Program for University Studies". Current member countries are: Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia. Prishtina/Kosovo is also participating. CEEPUS programme supports scholarships to individuals within approved network of major higher education institutions from different participating countries which then exchange students and professors.

(http://www.cmepius.si/en/index.aspx)

  • Youth in Action
The YOUTH IN ACTION programme is the EU’s mobility and non-formal education programme targeting young people aged between 13 and 30 years. . It aims to inspire a sense of active European citizenship, solidarity and tolerance among young Europeans and to involve them in shaping the Union's future. It promotes mobility within and beyond the EU's borders, non-formal learning and intercultural dialogue, and encourages the inclusion of all young people, regardless of their educational, social and cultural background: Youth in Action is a Programme for all. Every year, thousands of projects are submitted by promoters in order to get financial support from the Programme; a selection process aims at granting the best projects.
 

 

Its general objectives are the following:

 

  • Promote young people’s active citizenship in general and their European citizenship in particular;
  • Develop solidarity and promote tolerance among young people, in particular in order to foster social cohesion in the European Union;
  • Foster mutual understanding between young people in different countries;
  • Contribute to developing the quality of support systems for youth activities and the capabilities of civil society organisations in the youth field;
  • Promote European cooperation in the youth field.

(http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/youth/)


EU Funds

 

A/ Cohesion Found (CF)

 

Cohesion Fund (CF) is the structural instrument which has been, since 1994, helping the Member States to reduce the economic and social differences and stabilise the economy. The Cohesion Fund finances up to 85% of all the eligible costs of major projects in the field of environment and transport infrastructure. The Cohesion Fund is not a structural fund. The European regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund are structural funds. If a Member State’s gross national income is lower than 90% EU average it is eligible for drawing on the funds from the Cohesion Fund.  
 
B/ European Social Fund (ESF)
 
The European Social Fund (ESF) is the oldest of the structural funds. It was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957 with the objective to reduce the differences in wealth and living standards in the EU Member States and regions and to promote economic and social cohesion. The mission of the ESF is to invest into human resources, job creation, promotion of employment and employability and strengthening innovations. More than 10% of the overall EU budget is, through the ESF, meant for investing into the most important EU capital - people. 

 

 
C/ European Regional Development Fund
 
The European Regional Development Fund objective is strengthening economic and social cohesion and to offer assistance in eliminating the gravest development imbalances of the regions. ERDF thus contributes to reducing the gap between the levels of development of various regions. These are the regions which have the most limited possibilities including the rural and city areas, regressive industrial regions, areas with geographic and natural obstacles such as islands, mountainous areas, sparsely populated areas and border regions. ERDF implements Community priorities for strengthening competitiveness and innovation, creativity and preservation of permanent jobs and ensuring sustainable development. 

 

http://www.eu-skladi.si/)

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